A patient asks Dr. Taub about her condition, but he refuses to tell that she might have small pox.  Then, Dr. Masters discloses this information, also mentioning that they didn’t want to cause her distress.

1. If a doctor reveals sensitive and worrying information about a patient’s medical condition to the patient, or the patient’s family members, can this constitute a psychological harm? Can the revealing of more information ever constitute harm?

2. Can the revealing of such information interfere with the potential of the patient to recover properly, or respond to treatment?

3. If so, how should doctors balance their duty to not harm patients (non-maleficence) with their duty to be honest and transparent to patients?