Dr. Wilson gives a young patient an alternate stuffed animal so that the child would agree to the treatment, but the child realizes that the stuffed animal isn’t really his and refuses treatment.

1. At what age can children competently consent to, or reject, treatment?

2. What are some of the ethically appropriate means of obtaining consent from children not yet old enough to make such a decision?

3. Do the answers to the two questions above depend on the type of treatment or disease under consideration?